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  • Culicidae » Culicinae » Toxorhynchitini
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  • habitus image
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  • Representative species shown here:
  • Toxorhynchites rutilus
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Name-bearing Type

Distribution

SpeciesMap
SpeciesMap
SpeciesMap

Toxorhynchites are primarily tropical species, occuring in the eastern fringes of Asia and North America. Although three apparently introduced species are found in Fiji and Samoa in the South Pacific, the genus is otherwise absent from all oceanic islands, including New Zealand. Subgenus Toxorhynchites occurs only in the Old World; subgenus Afrorhynchus occurs in Africa; subgenera Ankylorhynchus and Lynchiella are confined to the New World.

Phylogeny

Not yet available.

Bionomics

Not yet available.

Medical Importance

Not yet available.

Important References

Included Taxa

For more on taxa, see WRBU's Mosquito Catalog

 

Genus-specific Diagnostic Characters, Adult Stage

  • Mosquito generic character
  • Covered with intensely colored iridescent scales
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Proboscis (P) tapered, bent distinctively downward
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Proboscis originates from a deep cavity on the capsule
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Clypeus short
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Scutellum (Stm) evenly rounded, not lobed
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Acrostichal, dorsocentral and prescutellar setae absent
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Wing distinctly emarginate near the terminus of vein CuA
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Alula and upper calypter bare
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Distinct schlerotization in cell M4 in front of vein CuA
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Images and maps, unless otherwise attributed, and links to the literature are provided by the WRBU.