Larvae are found in many temporary, semi-permanent and permanent ground
water habitats that are sunlit and contain vegetation. Habitats include,
but are not limited to, ground pools, streams, swamps, and low-salinity
tidal marshes. (Bram 1967).
Females are primarily cattle- and pig-biters, but will feed on man in
their absence (Bram 1967).
Primary vector of Japanese B encephalitis in the oriental region (Bram