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  • Culicidae » Anophelinae
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  • habitus image
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  • Representative species shown here: Anopheles gambiae
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Name-bearing Type

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Anopheles is found nearly world-wide, with species occurring in temperate, subtropical and tropical areas. Absent from the majority of the Pacific Islands, including the large ones of New Zealand, Fiji and New Caledonia, and isolated islands in the Atlantic however. Anopheles species may be found at elevations from sea-level to mountainous terrain.

Phylogeny

Not yet available.

Bionomics

Not yet available.

Important References

  • Lane, 1953 (Neotropical Region)
  • Mattingly & Knight, 1956 (Arabia)
  • Cova-Garcia, 1961 (Venezuela)
  • Belkin, 1962 (taxonomy, South Pacific)
  • Forattini, 1962 (Neotropical Region)
  • DuBose & Curtin, 1965 (keys, Mediterranean area)
  • Grjebine, 1966 (Madagascar)
  • Gillies & de Meillon, 1968 (Afrotropical Region)
  • Reid, 1968 (Malaysia, Borneo)
  • Belkin et al., 1970 (Jamaica)
  • Cagampang-Ramos & Darsie, 1970 (keys, Philippine Islands)
  • Zavortink, 1970 (tree hole species, New World)
  • Zavortink, 1973 (subgenus Kerteszia)
  • Gutsevich et al., 1974 (former USSR)
  • Harrison & Scanlon, 1975 (subgenus Anopheles, Thailand)
  • Klein, 1977a (Cambodia)
  • Faran, 1980 (Albimanus Section, subgenus Nyssorhynchus)
  • Tanaka et al., 1979 (Japan)
  • Wood et al., 1979 (Canada)
  • Harrison, 1980 (Myzomyia Series, subgenus Cellia, Thailand)
  • Darsie & Ward, 1981, 2005 (keys, North America)
  • Faran & Linthicum, 1981 (subgenus Nyssorhynchus, Amazonia)
  • Lu & Li, 1982 (China)
  • Clark-Gil & Darsie, 1983 (Guatemala)
  • Rao, 1984 (India)
  • Lee et al., 1987b (Australasian Region)
  • Gillies & Coetzee, 1987 (Afrotropical Region)
  • Linthicum, 1988 (Argyritarsis Section, subgenus Nyssorhynchus)
  • Das et al., 1990 (keys, India)
  • Darsie & Pradhan, 1990 (Nepal)
  • Wilkerson & Strickman, 1990 (keys, Central America and Mexico)
  • Glick, 1992 (keys, southwestern Asia and Egypt)
  • Peyton et al., 1992 (taxonomy, subgenera Kerteszia and Nyssorhynchus)
  • Harbach, 1994, 2004 (internal classification)
  • Rattanarithikul & Panthusiri, 1994 (keys, medically important species, Thailand)
  • Nagpal & Sharma, 1995 (India)
  • Lu Baolin et al., 1997b (China)
  • Harbach et al., 2005 (subgenus Baimaia)
  • Rattanarithikul et al., 2006b (keys, Thailand)
  • Azari-Hamidian & Harbach, 2009 (keys, Iran)

Included Taxa

 

Genus-specific Diagnostic Characters, Adult Stage

  • Mosquito generic character
  • Abdomen with setae but largely devoid of scales or with only small scale patches
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Maxillary palpus (MPlp) apically clubbed (males)
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Maxillary palpus (MPlp) about as long as the proboscis (P) (males and females)
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Scutellum (Stm) posterior margin evenly rounded with setae evenly distributed
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Wing usually with regular pattern of pale and dark spots, in a few species wing is all dark
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  • Mosquito generic character
  • Wing veins M1+2 and M3+4 straight or curved, but not wavy
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Images and maps, unless otherwise attributed, and links to the literature are provided by the WRBU.