Aedes (Stg.) aegypti

Author

  • (Linnaeus)
  • 1762:470 (A; Culex) - pdf not yet available
  • Egypt (NE)

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bahama Islands, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Azores, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Colombia, R. Congo, D. R. Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djbouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Martinique, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia, Montserrat, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Hebrides, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Rio Muni, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

  • argenteus Poiret
    • 1787:245 (F; Culex)
    • Type-loc: Barbary (NE)
    • Knab 1916a:59 (tax.)
    • Kirkpatrick 1925:87 (M*, F, P*, L*).
  • fasciatus Fabricius
    • 1805:36 (A; Culex)
    • Type-loc: Americae Insulis [Antilles] (ZMC)
    • Theobald 1901a:289 (M*, F*; tax.)
    • Barraud 1928b:377 (comprehensive review).
    • Martini 1930:245 (M*, F, P*, L*, E*; biol.)
    • Bonne-Wepster and Brug 1932:47 (M*, F, L*; biol.).
    • Belkin 1968b:5 (lectotype desig.)
  • calopus Meigen
    • 1818:3 (M, F; Culex).
    • Type-loc: Portugal (NE)
    • Howard, Dyar, and Knab 1917:827 (M*, F, P*, L*, E*)
  • frater Robineau-Desvoidy
    • 1827:408 (M*; Culex)
    • Type-loc: West Indies, [Antilles] (NE)
  • mosquito Robineau-Desvoidy
    • 1827:407 (M; Culex).
    • Type-loc: Cuba (NE)
    • Theobald 1901a:295 (tax.)

Bionomics

In association with man, aegypti will use any and all natural and artifical containers. Away from urban areas the species tends to favor pools in river beds, tree stumps, tree holes and natural containers. Females are primarily day biters and readily enter buildings to feed. They have also been taken in lesser numbers at night (Christophers 1960).

Medical Importance

Primary vector of dengue and yellow fever (Christophers 1960).

Culicidae » Culicinae » Aedini » Aedes » Stegomyia
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

  • Dyar 1920i:204 (tax.)
  • Patton 1933:182 (tax.)
  • Barraud 1934:221 (M*, F, L*)
  • Edwards 1941:128 (M*, F; biol.), 388 (P*)
  • Bohart and Ingram 1946b:6 (M*, F, P*, L*)
  • Darsie 1951:10 (P*).
  • Hopkins 1952:134 (L*; biol.)
  • Knight and Hull 1952:167 (M, F, L*)
  • Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:261 (M*, F*, L*)
  • Horsfall 1955:476 (review).
  • Teesdale 1955:711 (biol.) - pdf not yet available
  • Mattingly 1957b:392 (tax.,biol.)
  • Craig and Horsfall 1960:13 (E*)
  • Christophers 1960:1 (biol., anat.).
  • Mattingly, Stone, and Knight 1962:208 (nomencl., tax.).
  • Belkin, Heinemann, and Page 1970:184 (M*, F*, P*, L*).
  • Horsfall, Voorhees, and Cupp 1970:1710 (E*).
  • International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1964:246 (validation of name)
  • McClelland 1971;1 (tax.)
  • Matsuo, Yoshida, and Kunou 1972:360 (E*).
  • Harrison and Rattanarithikul 1973:280 (L*, first 3 instars)
  • Hartberg and Craig 1973:206 (genetic tax.).
  • Matsuo, Yoshida and Lien 1974:180 (E*)
  • Tanaka, Saugstad and Mizusawa 1975:222 (distr.).
  • Paterson, Green and Mahon 1976:252 (complex in Africa).
LARVA  PUPA

Adult Stage, detail images:

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Adult Stage, illustrations:


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