Anopheles (Cel.) pharoensis


  • Theobald
  • 1901a:169 (M, F*).
  • Cairo, Egypt (BM)


SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar (includes Glorioso, Juan De Nova Is. and Mayotte), Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe


  • albofimbriatus Giles
    • 1902:302 (F*; as var.).
    • Type-loc: Tel lahmul, Palestine (BM).
  • albus Ventrillon
    • 1904, in Laveran 1904:211 (F).
    • Type-loc: Madagascar (MNHP).
  • bozasi  Neveu-Lemaire
    • 1905a:32 (F; Nyssorhynchus).
    • Type-loc: Doufile,"Afrique centrale" [Uganda] (PIP).
    • Rodhain and Boutonnier 1985:273 (type dep.).
  • maculicosta Becker
    • 1903:69 (F).
    • Type-loc: Cairo, Egypt (ZM).


Primarily a species of large vegetated swamps; also found along lake shores and among floating plants, such as Pistia and Potamogeton. Also found in reservoirs, rice fields, streams, ditches, overgrown wells. Females will enter houses and bite man, but prefer domestic animals. They feed from dusk to dawn with a peak at about 0100 (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).

Medical Importance

A known vector of malaria in Egypt. In tropical Africa, at best it is a feeble vector of malaria (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).

Culicidae » Anophelinae » Anopheles » Cellia
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

  • Evans 1938:370 (M, F*, P*, L*, E*).
  • deMeillon 1947b:233 (M, F*, L*, E*).
  • Senevet and Andarelli 1955a:188 (M*, F*, P*, L, E)
  • Gillies and deMeillon 1968:253 (M, F*, L*)

Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

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