Nyssomyia whitmani

Author

  • (Antunes & Coutinho)
  • 1939:44 (M, F; Flebotomus)
  • Ilheus, Bahia, Brazil

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Argentina, Brazil, French Guiana, Paraguay, Peru

Synonyms

  • None

Bionomics

Adults have been collected from human bait, CDC traps and aspirated from tree trunks at both ground level and in the canopy, and from Disney traps (baited with two-toed sloths) in the canopy (Ready et al. 1988).

Medical Importance

"Lutzomyia whitmani has been found naturally infected with Leishmania braziliensis, or closely related parasite, on several occasions from 1985 to 1987 in the vicinity of Tres Bragos, Bahia, Brazil where it is a common man-biter (Hoch et al. 1986; Ryan et al. 1990). Leishmania guyanensis has been recovered from whitmani females in Amazonas and Para, Brazil where it is regarded as a secondary vector (Arias & Freitas 1978; Lainson et al. 1979). In addition, this sand fly may be a vector of Le. shawi in northern Brazil (Lainson et al. 1989)." (Young & Duncan 1994:456)

Psychodidae » Phlebotominae » Nyssomyia

Additional References

Adult Stage, detail photos:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.








Adult Stage, Illustrations:



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